GENERAL FACTS ABOUT INFERTILITY
Infertility refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception.
Both women and men can be infertile.
Doctors specializing in infertility, consider a couple to be infertile if they experience any of the below:
1. the couple has not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse if the female is under the age of 34
2. the couple has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free intercourse if the female is over the age of 35 (declining egg quality of females over the age of 35 account for this age-based discrepancy)
3. the female is incapable of carrying a pregnancy to term.
Worldwide, it is estimated that one in seven couples (approximately 14%) have problems conceiving.
This statistic is broadly the same for every country and seems to have no relevance to a country’s status.
84% of couples who have regular sexual intercourse (that is, every 2 to 3 days) and who do not use contraception will get pregnant within a year.
92% of couples who are trying to get pregnant do so within 2 years.
Infertility is fairly evenly spread across the sexes.
For instance, in the UK, in people going forward for IVF, roughly half of fertility problems with a diagnosed cause are due to problems with the man, and about half due to problems with the woman. However, about one in five cases (20%) the infertility has no clear diagnosed cause.